Festival of Grooming Recap: Canine Skin and Coat Types with Monique Van de Ven


At this year’s Festival, Monique van de Ven – key educator at the renowned Iv San Bernard company discussed canine coat types, reviewing their different grooming and bathing needs. Here is a valuable recap of some of the elements she discussed at her talk:

Short Coats

Short coats only have one primary hair. This means they produce 30% more grease from the sebaceous gland as a protective layer. In short coats, the sebaceous glands also tend to overreact to washing, causing them to become greasy and smelly. It is therefore important to follow shampoo with a conditioner, which imitates the sebaceous glands in a hygienic, healthy way.

Breed examples: Beagle, Whippet.

Double-Coated Breeds

With double coats, the primary hair is longer and has a standard length, and offers protection from the elements. The secondary hairs are for temperature control, and also contain the bright pigments of coat colour. This is why the dog loses its coat colour if the coat is all shaved to the same length.

Breed examples: German Shepherd, Spaniels, all cats

Long Coats

This refers to woolly and drop-coated breeds. It takes two years to establish a full coat, and the primary hairs never stop growing, so they need intensive care. The coat also features fully formed primary and secondary hairs, which can cause tangling. Products containing collagen are therefore ideal for longer coats as it nourishes the cuticles, smoothing both primary and secondary hairs, maintaining overall coat health.

Breed examples: Poodles, Afghan Hounds

For the full Iv San Bernard range, click here.

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