Leonberger Health

Leonberger Breed Profile

Average Weight:
Male – 34 – 50kg (75 – 110lbs).
Female – 34 – 50kg (75 – 110lbs).

Average Height:
Male – 72 – 80cm (28 – 32in).
Female – 65 – 75cm (26 – 30in).

Coat:
Double coat – long, coarse outer coat and thick, soft under coat.

Average Life Span:
8 – 12 years.

Average Litter Size:
8 – 10 puppies.

Leonberger Fast Facts

Ease To Train
Exercise Needs
Grooming Frequency
Energy Level
Protective Instincts
Behaviour Around Children
Relationship With Other Pets
Loyalty To Owner
Ease To Train
Some dogs are easy to train while others require more effort. General breed factors are taken into consideration to determine how easy you should find it to train your dog. On the scale, a 1 indicates that your dog will be difficult to train while a 10 indicates that your dog should be easy to train.

Exercise Needs
Dogs vary greatly in the amount of exercise they need on a daily basis. Some may need long, vigorous walks while a walk around the block will be sufficient for some. A score towards the lower end of the scale means that your dog requires little exercise while a score towards 5 indicates that they have high exercise needs.

Grooming Frequency
Depending on your dog’s coat, the grooming frequency will vary. Some will need brushing every day while others can be groomed once a week. On this scale, a 1 shows that a dog needs very little grooming while a 5 shows they require plenty of upkeep.

Energy Level
Some breeds have incredibly high energy levels and find it difficult to rest while others prefer sleeping for large parts of the day. A score of 1 on the scale indicates the dog has a low energy level while a 5 shows they have extremely high levels of energy.

Protective Instincts
Many dogs have protective instincts and may act wary around strangers while others are much more friendly and accepting. A score of 1 indicates that your dog is unlikely to react to strangers while a score of 5 shows that your dog is likely to be wary.

Behaviour Around Children
Many dogs that are reared and socialised around children understand how to interact with them but some breeds are completely unsuitable to have around children. On this scale, a score of 1 shows that a breed is not good around children while a score of 5 shows they are perfectly compatible.

Relationship With Other Pets
Stereotypically dogs don’t get on with other pets but often this is not the case; many dogs enjoy the company of other animals. A score of 1 shows that it is not a good idea to mix a breed with other pets while a 5 indicates they tend to get on well with other animals.

Loyalty To Owner
Most dogs are extremely loyal to their owners and family, although there are a few that are quite independent. A low score of 1 indicates that a breed does not have a strong sense of loyalty while a score of 5 shows that they are extremely loyal.
For most, Leonberger health is not something to worry about.  They are a fit, strong and generally healthy breed that has few health problems to note.  Of course there is no guarantee that every dog is going to go through life with no concerns whatsoever; in fact this is extremely unlikely.  Some Leonbergers can suffer from a health problem as easily as puppyhood, with a main issue being panosteitis.  Also known as puppy limp as it affects the legs of young dog, it is highlighted by the inflammation of the leg bones which can cause severe pain and discomfort.  Most commonly the front legs of a puppy are affected but it can occur in all four limbs.  You will notice that your dog is limping and may not even be able to put weight on their legs.  Unfortunately there is no immediate cure but the majority of dogs recover after a period of time.  During this period a vet is likely to prescribe anti-inflammatory medication and possibly pain killers but this is one Leonberger health problem that has to be left to run its course.

You may find that Leonberger health is affected by Addison’s disease, a condition that can be life-threatening.  The adrenal glands near the kidneys fail, resulting in them not being able to produce enough corticosteroids which are essential for a healthy body.  This can lead to weight loss, dehydration, vomiting and even depression.  If this occurs quickly then immediate treatment is needed and even if these symptoms develop slowly your dog will need to be seen quickly.  The missing hormones will be replaced and to keep Leonberger health in good condition, this will be needed for life.

Osteochondritis dissecans is another known Leonberger health issue.  It is commonly found in larger breeds such as this and is seen as cartilage abnormalities in the joints.  This cartilage is put under undue stress and can result in lameness, muscle wastage and severe pain.  There may be a couple of options for treatment but the usual procedure is surgical intervention to correct the abnormality.  To ensure Leonberger health is restored, plenty of rest is required afterwards.

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