Jack Russell Grooming

Jack Russell Breed Profile

Average Weight:
Male – 4 – 7kg (9 – 15lbs).
Female – 4 – 7kg (9 – 15lbs).

Average Height:
Male – 25 – 30.5cm (10 – 12 in).
Female – 25 – 30.5cm (10 – 12in).

Coat:
Three types – smooth, rough and broken.  All weatherproof.

Average Life Span:
12 – 15 years.

Average Litter Size:
4 – 8 puppies.

Jack Russell Fast Facts

Ease To Train
Exercise Needs
Grooming Frequency
Energy Level
Protective Instincts
Behaviour Around Children
Relationship With Other Pets
Loyalty To Owner
Ease To Train
Some dogs are easy to train while others require more effort. General breed factors are taken into consideration to determine how easy you should find it to train your dog. On the scale, a 1 indicates that your dog will be difficult to train while a 10 indicates that your dog should be easy to train.

Exercise Needs
Dogs vary greatly in the amount of exercise they need on a daily basis. Some may need long, vigorous walks while a walk around the block will be sufficient for some. A score towards the lower end of the scale means that your dog requires little exercise while a score towards 5 indicates that they have high exercise needs.

Grooming Frequency
Depending on your dog’s coat, the grooming frequency will vary. Some will need brushing every day while others can be groomed once a week. On this scale, a 1 shows that a dog needs very little grooming while a 5 shows they require plenty of upkeep.

Energy Level
Some breeds have incredibly high energy levels and find it difficult to rest while others prefer sleeping for large parts of the day. A score of 1 on the scale indicates the dog has a low energy level while a 5 shows they have extremely high levels of energy.

Protective Instincts
Many dogs have protective instincts and may act wary around strangers while others are much more friendly and accepting. A score of 1 indicates that your dog is unlikely to react to strangers while a score of 5 shows that your dog is likely to be wary.

Behaviour Around Children
Many dogs that are reared and socialised around children understand how to interact with them but some breeds are completely unsuitable to have around children. On this scale, a score of 1 shows that a breed is not good around children while a score of 5 shows they are perfectly compatible.

Relationship With Other Pets
Stereotypically dogs don’t get on with other pets but often this is not the case; many dogs enjoy the company of other animals. A score of 1 shows that it is not a good idea to mix a breed with other pets while a 5 indicates they tend to get on well with other animals.

Loyalty To Owner
Most dogs are extremely loyal to their owners and family, although there are a few that are quite independent. A low score of 1 indicates that a breed does not have a strong sense of loyalty while a score of 5 shows that they are extremely loyal.
Many believe that Jack Russell grooming depends on the type of coat their dog has.  However, there is very little difference in the attention one should give to the different types.  They are all weatherproof so can easily dry off and very rarely do they get dirty.  The most important grooming advice for all types of coat is to begin early, when then they are puppies or as soon as they come into your home. Starting Jack Russell grooming early will encourage them to be well behaved and lead to a healthier coat and skin.

Some may find smooth-coated Jack Russell grooming easier than the other types of coat, although this is mostly down to individual feeling.  Owners should have the following supplies on hand: a natural bristle brush, nail clippers, scissors and ear powder.  The following steps should be undertaken:
  • Clean the ears once a week. Use a canine ear powder in the ear and then gently pluck out any dead hair in the ear canal. If you notice an odour from the ear, contact your veterinarian.
  • Trim the hair between the pads using scissors. Use a nail clipper to trim the nails a little bit at a time. When you see a red dot at the centre of the nail, this is far enough.
  • Brush the coat with a natural bristle brush weekly.
As mentioned, Jack Russell grooming of broken and wire coats is considered slightly more difficult by some.  However, the same care is generally needed – a quick going over with a bristle brush every week to remove dirt and loose hairs.  Some owners may wish to take grooming to the next stage, in which case you should have the following supplies to hand: wire brush, stripping comb, nail clippers and ear powder. Care of the ears, feet and nails should be done in the same manner as you would for the smooth-coated breed.  Then the following steps should be undertaken:
  • Begin by brushing the dog from head to tail. Then brush the chest, legs and underside.
  • Use a stripping comb or knife to get to the deep undercoat. Work on a small section at a time. Brush first and then use the stripping knife. Remember to talk to your dog, reassure them and only work for short periods.  This may not be necessary to do at home, and you should visit a professional for this stage of Jack Russell grooming if you are not sure.

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